Recently, parents do not want to bring up independence in children. As a result, children become helpless in front of life's problems. Parents have to take care of their mature children.
This problem is becoming very urgent. It should be disclosed as often as possible in the media. Parents usually turn to psychologists with this question when the child is seven years old and he needs to go to school. At this age it is already too late to raise this problem.
At three years old, the “I myself” crisis sets in. The kid for the first time strive for independence. This happens at this age. It is very important for parents not to miss this interest and not to destroy the desire for independence.
There are several factors that influence the development of independence:
- the very nature of the child;
- temperament;
-the abilities of the child;
- parenting.
Require independence from the child is necessary by age. Excessive requirements suppresses the desire for independence. The child does not cope with the load and no longer wants to do something himself. If the child is guided in this situation, he can make decisions according to his age, then you can’t demand more in this case. What kind of activities exist? Up to three years - different actions with objects, up to seven years - game activity, up to 14 years - a desire to learn, up to 18 years - communication with peers. How to develop independence?
This can be done according to the principles.
1. Expediency. The child must definitely know why he is doing this. In the preschool period, collecting toys is possible using the game with.
2. Feel the negative effects. The child should regret that he forgot to do something. In the preschool period, if a child forgot a toy on the playground or lost it, then you do not need to immediately buy a new one. We must wait and remind him of her from time to time. At school, if a child, for example, did not make a report, then he does not need to remind him all the time. We must wait until we get a bad mark for it, then we can already put forward punishments.
3. Concreteness. Tasks for the child must be set specific. The scope and content of the tasks should be very clear.
4. Formation of skills. The child must be taught something, and then demand it. The child should be praised even for minor successes and support him in all endeavors. casino minsta insättning
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